Blooming Garden Designs

Specializing in Natural and Sustainable Landscapes

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How to Plant a Tree

Earth Day and Arbor Day

How will you support the earth?  One of my favorite ways is to plant trees. give you lots of tips on planting trees.

treeHow to plant a Ball and Burlap tree.

A large, woody plant whose hug root-ball is wrapped in burlap (balled and bur-lapped  or B&B) might seem intimidating to plant, but it’s easier than you may think.  Dig a hoe too times wider than the root-ball only as deep as its height. Next, place the plant in the hole and remove all string, twine, wire, and as much of the burlap as possible.  Then back fill  using the excess soil to form a berm around the outside edge of the planting hole.  Make sure that the plant is not buried deeper than how it was originally growing.  Irrigate the area inside the beam, and allow the water to settle the soil around the root-ball. Provide a 3- to- 4-inch-deep layer of mulch around the root zone but away from the trunk of the tree.

Should I stake a new tree? 

Tree staking, a task that should be done only when absolutely necessary, is usually done wrong.  The goal is not to render the trunk immobile. Quite the opposite is true.  The trunk needs to move to grow properly.  It is the root-ball that needs to remain motionless. One somewhat-flexible stake- attached about two-thirds of the way trunk with some material that won’t wear away the bark- is all you need.  And get rid of it after a year.

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Landscaping Math: Plant Estimating Chart

Formulas for figuring square feet Length x width
Circle – 3.14 x radius squared – (Radius is distance from center of circle to perimeter / or half the distance of the diameter) (Radius squared is radius x 2)
Plant Estimating Chart
Example: if you select 18″ spacing and need to cover 300 square feet, the box where that column and row intersect tells you that you need 133 plants.If you don’t see your exact coverage area listed, either estimate by selecting the closest area listed or use the second chart below (“Plant Calculator”) to precisely calculate how many plants you need.Image

Plant Calculator

Use the plant calculator below to determine how many plants to use per square foot of space to be planted – particularly ground covers, annuals and perennials.

To accurately use chart you must first know how far to properly space the type of plant you are planting. Spacing is usually listed on the plant description.

Example: you want to cover an area of 120 square feet with a spacing of 10″. For 10″ spacing the plants per square foot is 1.45. Multiply 1.45 x 120 and you get 174 plants needed.

(Area in square feet) x (Plants per Square Foot) = Number of plants needed

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Sun or Shade? Where do I place my new plant?


One of the best places to learn about the requirements for a plant is on the Plant Label.  Plant labels include recommendations for how much light a plant needs

Here are few descriptions.

Full Sun means a least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day.

Roses; lilacs; ninebark; Most vegetables need full sun

Partial Shade means at least 3-6 full hours of dappled/ direct sun per day.  Plants which prefer this may struggle with direct sun.

Summer sweet, viburnum, holly, arborvitae, hostas

Light Shade is less than three hours of dappled sunlight each day.

Celandine poppy, Columbine, Virginia bluebells, Ferns

Heavy Shadehas no sunlight because of tree canopy or buildings block sun.        

Pachysandra; ginger, jack-in-pulpit, Goatsbeard, Woodland Phlox